Industrial/Organizational (I/O) Psychology is the psychology of where people work. This can include a large company, government organization, large non-profit organization, hospital, or educational institution. For example, I/O can incorporate two major areas of specialization:
Organizational issues- How an organization is structured and operates. Included here might be how individuals interact in the workplace and the impact of organizational policies on workers.
Personnel Issues- Fit between an organization and the people in that organization, including hiring of employees.
Industrial/Organizational Careers that Require a Bachelor's Degree in Psychology
With an undergraduate degree, there are some job possibilities (e.g., human resources), but not that many. Some students interested in I/O finish their undergraduate degree, take some time off to gain real-world experience and then go back to school to earn an advanced degree.
Industrial/Organizational Careers that Require a Graduate Degree in Psychology
Having an advanced degree is really important for an I/O job. Of course, job opportunities at various organizations are typically greater with a PhD versus a Master's degree. Also, it is important to keep in mind that some I/O psychologists hold academic positions at colleges/universities and serve as trainers, facilitators, assessors, coaches and consultants. View career options at the graduate level below or here on a single page.